~으로 전락하다 (be reduced to + N)

~으로 전락하다 (be reduced to + N) [내가 누구든 미워하게 되면, 곧바로 나 자신이 천박한 (mean-spirited)놈이 되어 내 양심 품격을 떨어뜨리는 (degrade my conscience)것을 느끼고 나 자신이 한심스러운 (pitiful)놈으로 전락한 것에 슬퍼] 

Friday, February 12, 2016

Hi [the first name of the recipient],

Taking advantage of a break between classes, I’ve read through the magazine article about the late Prof. Youngbok Shin, which you forwarded to me. His life story and his remarks are certain to stay with me for long. Contrary to the conventional notion that winter is harder on people badly off than summer, he remarks, prisoners tend to prefer winter over summer. Having to share a crowded space with others, in summer, prison inmates end up thinking of a nearby inmate as not a human but merely a 37 degree-in-Celsius heater, pathetically finding themselves hating each other. The sentiment behind this remark is true in my case: Whenever I find myself hating anyone, I quickly feel myself so mean-spirited as to degrade my conscience and cannot help being sad that I have been reduced to such a pitiful creature.  Hence my coping strategy: Limit my hatred to wrongdoings; not extend it to wrongdoers. With the strategy-embedded enlightenment hovering in the background, here in Canada, I inwardly and sincerely albeit belatedly apologize to those whom I vehemently hated in Korea for their anachronistic, society-corroding sense of entitlement, and their roles in bribery and corruption. By hating others and concomitantly feeling superior to them, I unwittingly allowed arrogance known as the harbinger of self-destruction to seep into me; and, thus, to undo what I had learned from prisoners. When I was in Grade 5 in Mokpo, my daily surreptitious routine in the summer break was to go to a spot where I could see a group of about 30 prisoners from a short distance. The prisoners were, in an armed guards-guided formation, on foot returning to the correctional institution from a quarry where they worked all day long. While deeply empathizing with the prisoners, I saw in them the kind of beauty which in Crime and Punishment Dostoevsky finds in peasant prisoners who are so devoid of arrogance as to take nothing for granted and as to be thankful for even one ray of sunlight. At that time, to some degree, seeing the prisoners exuding the beauty of non-arrogance and sincere repentance was to me as having an audience with God or Buddha in a worship service would be to Christians or Buddhists respectively.

Thank you again for the article that occasions the thought of humanity as a defining attribute of a human.

Take care,

Chinhyon


. advantage (take advantage of ~ = ~을 활용/이용하다)

. stay with sb for long = ~에 오랫동안 기억되다

. contrary to the conventional notion that ~ = ~라는 통념에 상반되다

. hard (be hard on sb = ~에게 어려움을 주다)

. off (badly off = 돈이 없다; 가난하다)

. prefer A to/over B = B보다 A를 선호하다

. inmate = 재소자

. pathetically = 비참하게

. sentiment (the sentiment behind this remark = 이런 말 배후에 있는 정서)

. mean-spirited = 천박한; 속 좁은

. degrade my conscience = 내 양심을 천박하게 만들다

. help (cannot help ~ing = ~하지 않을 수 없다)

. reduce (be reduced to + N = ~으로 전락하다)

. pitiful = 한심스러운

. coping strategy = 대책; 처세술

. embedded = 담겨진; 박혀있는

. enlightenment = 계몽; 깨달음

. hover = (헬리콥터가 공중에) 맴돌다

. inwardly = 속으로

. albeit belatedly = 비록 늦었지만

. apologize = 사과하다

. vehemently = 격렬하게

. anachronistic = 시대착오적인

. corrode = 좀먹다; 부식시키다

. entitlement (sense of entitlement = 잘못된 선민의식)

. bribery = 뇌물 수수

. corruption = 타락

. harbinger = 선봉; 전조; 예고

. concomitant = ~와 동시에/함께 발생하는

. superior to + N = ~보다 우월하다

. seep into ~ = ~에 스며들다

. arrogance = 교만함

. undo = 취소하다

. surreptitious (daily surreptitious routine = 은밀한 일과)

. formation = 대열/대형

. correctional institution = 교도소

. quarry = 채석장

. empathize with ~ = ~의 심정을 이해하다  토론토 대학교 사범대학 수업에 어느 고등학교 교장 선생님이 초청 연사로 와서 교사 채용 interview 준비방법에 관해 이야기했다. 그 교장 선생님은 interview시 학생들에게 ‘sympathy’ 한다고 하지 말고 ‘empathy’ 한다고 말하라고 조언했다. sympathy높은 지위에 있는 사람이 낮은 지위에 있는 사람에게 동정을 베푼다는 느낌이 있고, ‘empathy’는 상대방과 같은 입장에서 상대방을 이해, 상대방의 심정을 헤아리는 태도라고 말했다.

. peasant = 농부; 소작인

. devoid of ~ = ~이 없다

. granted (take ~ for granted = ~을 대수롭지 않게 여기다

. degree (to some degree = 어느 정도)

. exude ~ = (~분위기를) 풍기다

. repentance = 회개; 참회

. audience (have an audience with ~ = ~을 알현하다)

. as (A is to B as C is to D = A와 B의 관계는 C와 D의 관계와 같다)

. occasion ~ = [v] ~할 기회가 되다

. humanity = 인간애

. attribute (a defining attribute = 특질; 특징)


2016년 2월 12일, 금요일,

안녕 [수신자 이름]

나한테 보내준 고 신영복 교수님에 관한 잡지 기사를 오늘 빈 시간을 이용해서 다 읽었어. 그분의 인생 이야기와 남기신 말씀이 오래도록 내 기억에 남을 것이 확실해. 겨울이 여름보다 가난한 사람에겐 더 힘들다는 통념과는 다르게, 재소자들은 여름보다는 겨울을 더 좋아한다고 말씀하셨더군. 여러 재소자와 빽빽한 공간을 공유해야 하는 재소자들은 여름에는 옆에 있는 재소자를 사람이 아니라 섭씨 37도 발열기로 간주하게 되고, 이렇다 보니 비참하게 재소자들끼리 서로 미워하게 된다고말씀하셨더군. 이 말씀 배경에 있는 정서는 내 경우에도해당해. 내가 누구든 미워하게 되면, 곧바로 나 자신이천박한 놈이 되어 내 양심 품격을 떨어뜨리는 것을 느끼고 나 자신이 한심스러운 놈으로 전락한 것에 슬퍼. 여기서 나온 내 처세술은 잘못된 행위를 미워하지 잘못을저지른 사람은 미워하지 말자는 거야. 이 처세술에 담긴깨달음이 아른거리는 가운데, 이곳 캐나다에서 비록 늦었지만 속으로 그리고 진심으로 사과하는 것이 있어. 한국에서 살 때, 시대착오적이고, 사회를 좀먹는 잘못된선민의식을 가진 사람들, 또 뇌물 수수하고, 부패 저지르는 사람들을 엄청나게 미워했거든. 내가 미워했던 사람들에게 사과하고 있어. 남을 미워하면서 갖는 우월감은 자기패망의 선봉인 교만함이 나도 모르게 내게 스며들게 하고, 내가 죄수들로부터 배운 것을 수포가 되게해. 5학년 한 학년을 목포에서 다녔는데, 그해 여름 방학 때 매일 내가 몰래 하는 일과가 있었어. 약 30명의죄수를 가까이에서 볼 수 있는 곳에 가는 것이었어. 그죄수들은 채석장에서 온종일 일을 한 후 무장 간수들이호위하는 가운데 열을 지어 도보로 교도소로 돌아가는길이였지. 그 죄수들의 심정을 헤아리면서, 나는 그 죄수들에게서 아름다움을 발견했어. ‘죄와 벌’에서 도스엡스키가 농부 죄수들에게서 본 그런 아름다움이었어. 농부 죄수들은 교만함이 없어서 어느 것 하나 대수롭지않게 여기지 않고 햇볕 한 줄기에도 감사해. 5학년 그당시 나에겐, 겸허함과 진정한 회개의 아름다움을 풍기는 그 죄수들을 보는 것은 어느 정도는 크리스챤들이 예배에서 하나님을, 불교 신자들이 법회에서 부처님을 만나는 것과 같은 것이었어.

인간애는 사람됨의 특징 중의 하나임을 생각할 기회를준 기사를 보내줘서 다시 한 번 감사해.

잘 있어,

진현이가


< reduce ~ to ~ (be reduced to ~) (Her activities made small headlines: the once-famous actress, reduced to this or that) > – Luise Rainer dies at 104; ‘30s star won back-to-back Oscars. (2014, Dec 30). NYT – 

오스카상을 2 연속 수상한 유명한 여배우Luise Rainer 갑자기 영화계를 떠났다  그녀의 활동은 언론의 작은headlines 장식했다왕년의 유명한 여배우가 이것으로 저것으로 전락했다(“reduced to this or that”) 내용의 headlines 많았다고 NYT 보도했다.

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